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Accel 7 click (Accelerometer) (Go to Parent Category)

Accel 7 click (Accelerometer)

Accel 7 click is a three-axis acceleration sensing Click board™. It uses the KXTJ3-1057, a 14bit tri-axis digital accelerometer, which can sense the acceleration up to ±16 g. This sensor is built using the proprietary Kionix micromachining technology, which results with a high accuracy and very good noise immunity. Accel 7 click can be used in a wide range of applications that require low power consumption, fast response, precision, and reliability. It can be used for display orientation, HID applications, drop detection applications (for warranty logging), and similar applications that rely on acceleration and motion-sensing.

It comes in the package which also includes the mikroSDK™ software and a library with all the functions. The Click board™ comes as a fully tested and approved prototype, making it a reliable device ready to use on the development board.

R210  Qty:
Price ex. VAT. Weight: 24g. Stock: Available in 5-10 working days [i]. mikroE Icon

The acceleration sensing is based on the principle of measuring the differential capacitance, which further decreases errors due to manufacturing imperfections, temperature and other environmental influences. The micro-electromechanical sensor (MEMS) is coupled with a very advanced application specific integrated circuit (ASIC), which allows the simplicity of the KXTJ3-1057 design, requiring a low number of additional external components.

Using the embedded lowpass filtering allows filtering of the abrupt changes in acceleration readings. Intelligent interrupt engine allows detection of motion, inactivity, direction, data ready event, and more. Equipped with the KXTJ3-1057 advanced acceleration sensor, this Click board™ can be used in a wide range of applications that require low power consumption, fast response, good precision, and reliability. It can be used for display orientation, HID applications, drop detection applications (for warranty logging), and similar applications that rely on the reliable acceleration and motion-sensing provided by this Click board™.

How does it work?

Accel 7 click carries the KXTJ3-1057, ±2g / ±4g / ±8g / ±16g tri-axis digital accelerometer, by Kionix. This sensor utilizes an advanced acceleration sensing method, based on the differential capacitance. The integrated MEMS, produced with the proprietary Kionix technology, is composed of two plates. One is fixed to the substrate, while the other can move freely along a single axis. The acceleration causes the change in the capacitance between these plates, which is then processed by an integrated ASIC. The ASIC incorporates a capacitance-to-voltage amplifier which converts the differential capacitance of the MEMS sensor into an analog voltage, used as the input for the low-noise A/D converter (ADC). The integrated ASIC also contains the logic section used to set all the operational parameters of the KXTJ3-1057, such as the data rate, filter settings, interrupts, ADC resolution, and more. The ASIC also incorporates an OTP memory that contains the calibration parameters and other device-specific settings used on each power-on reset (POR) cycle.

Accel 7 click

The ADC can be operated with the resolution of 8, 12, or 14 bits. This allows power consumption to be managed, as the lower resolution typically allows less power consumption. The power consumption is also affected by the output data rate value (ODR). The ODR value above 400Hz forces the high-resolution mode (14-bits) so the power consumption rises exponentially as the ODR changes from 0.781Hz to 1600Hz. The ADC resolution, as well as the other operating parameters of the KXTJ3-1057 IC can be adjusted by using two configuration registers. Some options can only be altered while the IC operates in the Stand-by mode.

The acceleration range can be selected from ±2g to ±16g. The choice of the ADC resolution is directly related with the number of counts for a certain acceleration range. For example, using ±2g range with the 8-bit ADC resolution means that the whole range between -2g and +2g will be covered by 255 values, from -127 to +127. Therefore, the output of 127 will be equivalent of 2g acceleration (more precisely, 1.984g). The datasheet of the KXTJ3-1057 offers a comprehensive set of tables with these settings. However, the Accel 7 click comes with the library that contains simple to use functions which simplify the acceleration measurements.

The interrupt engine allows interrupt reporting on a dedicated INT pin. There are multiple interrupt status registers, allowing both combined and individual events to be read. This allows the INT pin to be used more flexible. Depending on the settings, it is possible to pulse and latch this pin. When latched, it will stay asserted until the specific register is read (INT_REL in the datasheet). Pulsed operation will produce a short pulse on this pin, but the status bits will remain set, until the INT_REL register is read. Un-latched mode allows the status bits to be cleared automatically, so there is no need to read the INT_REL register.

One distinctive feature of the KXTJ3-1057 is that it can generate a Wake-up (motion detection) interrupt, when the acceleration measurement exceeds the value stored in the Wake-up threshold registers. In this case, a bit in the interrupt status register will indicate that a Wake-up event occurred. The Wake-up interrupt features a debouncing counter: if an acceleration value has exceeded the threshold and remained above this threshold during a programmed number of counts, an interrupt event will be reported. To distinguish between two successive movement events, there is yet another countdown timer, which sets the non-activity time interval before another Wake-up event can be reported. Note that the thresholds use fixed g-range and resolution, regardless of user settings.

Each KXTJ3-1057 device is factory calibrated, and its calibration parameters are stored in the one-time programmable memory (OTP). These parameters include the gain corrections and offset calibration. After each POR cycle, these calibration values are automatically applied, reducing the output error. Along with the used MEMS differential sensing technology, this reduces the measurement error to a virtually unmeasurable value. A built-in self-test function allows reliable operation of the Accel 7 click.

Specifications

Type Motion
Applications It can be used for display orientation, HID applications, drop detection applications (for warranty logging), and similar applications that rely on reliable acceleration and motion-sensing.
On-board modules KXTJ3-1057, a ±2g / ±4g / ±8g / ±16g tri-axis digital accelerometer, by Kionix
Key Features The MEMS is produced using the proprietary Kionix micromachining technology, resulting in a high accuracy and reliability of the acceleration measurements, reducing the influence of the production imperfections. The differential capacitance architecture of the MEMS further reduces the influence of external factors, allowing the sensor to be used in noisy environments
Interface I2C
Input Voltage 3.3V
Click board size M (42.9 x 25.4 mm)

Pinout diagram

This table shows how the pinout on Accel 7 Click corresponds to the pinout on the mikroBUS™ socket (the latter shown in the two middle columns).

Notes Pin Mikrobus logo.png Pin Notes
NC 1 AN PWM 16 NC
NC 2 RST INT 15 INT Interrupt
NC 3 CS RX 14 NC
NC 4 SCK TX 13 NC
NC 5 MISO SCL 12 SCL I2C Clock
NC 6 MOSI SDA 11 SDA I2C Data
Power supply 3.3V 7 3.3V 5V 10 NC
Ground GND 8 GND GND 9 GND Ground

Onboard settings and indicators

Label Name Default Description
LD1 PWR - Power LED indicator
JP1 I2C ADD Right I2C slave address LSB selection: left position 0, right position 1

Accel 7 click electrical specifications

Description Min Typ Max Unit
Acceleration measurement range ±2 - ±16 g
Output refresh rate (ODR) 0.781 - 1600 Hz
A/D Conversion resolution 8 - 14 bit

Software support


We provide a library for the Accel 7 click on our LibStock page , as well as a demo application (example), developed using MikroElektronika compilers. The demo can run on all the main MikroElektronika development boards.

Library Description

The library initializes and defines the I2C bus driver and drivers that offer a choice for writing data in register. The library includes function for read X/Y/Z axis data. The user also has the function for initializes chip and function for read interrupt state.

Key functions:

  • int16_t accel7_getAxis(uint8_t _axis) - Functions for read axis data
  • uint8_t accel7_init(uint8_t dataRes, uint8_t range) - Functions for initialize the chip

Examples description

The application is composed of the three sections :

  • System Initialization - Initializes I2C module and set INT pin as INPUT
  • Application Initialization - Initializes Driver init and settings accelerometer data range and data resolution which are necessary for the init chip.
  • Application Task - (code snippet) - Reads the accel X / Y / Z axis data.
void applicationTask()
{
	X_axis = accel7_getAxis(_ACCEL7_AXIS_X);
    IntToStr(X_axis, demoText);
    mikrobus_logWrite("X axis:  ", _LOG_TEXT);
    mikrobus_logWrite(demoText, _LOG_LINE);
    
    Y_axis = accel7_getAxis(_ACCEL7_AXIS_Y);
    IntToStr(Y_axis, demoText);
    mikrobus_logWrite("Y axis:  ", _LOG_TEXT);
    mikrobus_logWrite(demoText, _LOG_LINE);

    Z_axis = accel7_getAxis(_ACCEL7_AXIS_Z);
    IntToStr(Z_axis, demoText);
    mikrobus_logWrite("Z axis:  ", _LOG_TEXT);
    mikrobus_logWrite(demoText, _LOG_LINE);
    
    mikrobus_logWrite("  ", _LOG_LINE);
    Delay_ms( 1000 );

}


The full application code, and ready to use projects can be found on our LibStock page.

Other mikroE Libraries used in the example:

  • SPI
  • UART

Additional notes and information

Depending on the development board you are using, you may need USB UART click, USB UART 2 click or RS232 click to connect to your PC, for development systems with no UART to USB interface available on the board. The terminal available in all MikroElektronika compilers, or any other terminal application of your choice, can be used to read the message.

mikroSDK

This click board is supported with mikroSDK - MikroElektronika Software Development Kit. To ensure proper operation of mikroSDK compliant click board demo applications, mikroSDK should be downloaded from the LibStock and installed for the compiler you are using.

For more information about mikroSDK, visit the official page.

Downloads